My Experience at ReYuvaNationBy Vikram Sai4th Year Dual Degree Petroleum Engineering, ISM Dhanbad
It was the last week of November and the weather was changing! Fighting through the chilling cold with the help of woollen clothes, jackets, blankets and some books, we were waging war against our End Semester Examinations. In the midst of this came to know about the PETROTECH Youth Forum, and the news that students would be selected to Youth Forum and PETROTECH 2014 conference through online competitions instilled energy in us and we became more enthusiastic, eagerly counting each exam to end so that we can participate in the competitions. Exams ended, and after 2 days was my Viva-Voce examination, after which I would be travelling to home for a one month winter vacation. I went through the website of Youth Forum- “ReYuvaNation”. There were 3 online competitions- Photography, Video Making and Music with the theme Creative Perception of Energy. In addition to these competitions, it was mentioned that some students would be selected through their active participation in the BLOGS and DISCUSSION FORUM sections.
I had no idea about Music, I was never a part of any music band. So, my participation in one contest was ruled out. Neither I was a great photographer, nor did I have a good camera. I was not good at video-making even. For a while I thought, it would be a tight rope walk for me to get selected for the Youth Forum through these contests. But, I was perseverant in my spirits; I decided to make most use of those 2 days. That night I went to my senior’s house in Patna (6 hours journey from Dhanbad) on his invitation, stayed there for a day which included a visit to Patna’s Eco-Friendly Park. There I captured an aesthetic view of a Solar Lamp in the green scenery. I was proud at that moment for my chances got improved. After returning to college from Patna, I was preparing myself for the viva-voce examination and at the same time thinking about different concepts on which I can prepare a video. Got some ideas and finalized two concepts; one on “Switch to CNG” and the other, “Future is in our hands”. Soon after the viva-voce examination, went around the campus with my friend’s mobile (it had a good camera), got some photos clicked and some videos shooted before packing my luggage and leaving Dhanbad for Home!!
In the month of December at home, I uploaded some photos that I had clicked. Downloaded some video-making software (Windows Live Movie Maker, Cam Studio, Screen Recorder, Audio Cutter, and Power Point), learnt them through tutorials and prepared two videos. I wrote my first ever blog on ReYuvaNation and I was actively taking part in almost every discussion and Blog that was posted in the Forum. Through Blogs and posts in Discussion Forum, I shared my views on various topics ranging from Energy Security to Pollution aspects. I designed a cross-word Puzzle which according to some participants was a tough nut to crack. As the time progressed I got confidence that I would be selected for the ReYuvanation. I was optimistic and started my preparations for the Quiz that would be organised as a part of the day long event.
It was 23rd December that I got a mail from team Reyuvanation confirming my participation! I was thrilled at my selection, got my tickets booked, but I did not stop posting and commenting in the Blogs and Discussions Sections.
2013 ended and on the First day of the New Year 2014, I was sending e-greetings (designed by me using Photoshop) to all my friends. On the very same day, the results of the war that I waged at the end of November were out. I got 2nd rank in my Petroleum Engineering Dual Degree Branch. A little bit disappointed that I slipped to 2nd from the 1st in last semester. But, that disappointment faded away with my preparations to the Reyuvanation. On 4th January boarded train to my college, Indian School of Mines at Dhanbad. In the 34 hours of journey I completed reading all the material that I brought with me as a part of preparations to quiz (The material included complete overview of ONGC, OIL, IOCL, BPCL, HPCL, and Petrotech).
Reached college, attended 4 days of classes and boarded train for the much awaited Reyuvanation in New Delhi. Interestingly, the entire coach was filled with Chinese people travelling to explore India. And the sad part is that none of them knew English and Hindi for them is like an Einstein’s Relativity theory for kindergarten kids. I felt like as if I am a strange Indian travelling in a Chinese train. Meanwhile in the journey, as a part of my preparations to the quiz, I completed reading about GAIL, Schlumberger, Cairn, Reliance, and detailed overview of DGH.
Finally I reached New Delhi, and from there caught a metro in Yellow line from New Delhi Metro Station to Rajeev Chowk, changed to Blue Line and reached Botanical Garden Metro Station. PETROTECH 2014 bus was waiting to pick us up. As I boarded the bus, a young energetic person was receiving us and I read Anup Saraf written on his ID Card. When I told him that I am Vikram Sai from ISM Dhanbad, he started praising me about my posts in blogs and discussions. I recollected and told him- Mr. Anup Saraf, yours was the first post in the Blogs Section. He replied-“uske baad toh tumne moka hi nhi diya yaar (you didn’t give any chance for me after that)”. Shocked!! I was completely amazed at the way he was praising me. We reached the hotel Formule1 in Greater Noida, where we were provided accommodation. As students we were feeling special to stay in that Hotel. While I was with Mr. Anup Saraf in the Lift, he introduced me to another young lady (Ms. Shwetha), and she excitingly shook hands with me praising my posts. I was nervous! Never thought my posts would get that popular.
In the night, after having our dinner, in my hotel room, I was preparing for the Quiz, revising all the facts and stats. My friends and juniors joined, and in no less than half-an-hour my room turned into a common room with around 15 students mutually exchanging knowledge. Since ONGC is organising, I thought many questions in the quiz would be related to ONGC. So, opened ONGC’s facebook page and started noting down all the interesting stats and records. Through the posts of that page I came to know that players like Snooker Champion Aditya, Shooters Shwetha & Shagun are ONGCians. Also I came to know that 8 time World-Billiards champion Mr. Pankaj Advani is also an ONGCian.
11th January 2014. Reyuvanation!
It is the day we have been waiting for since a month. Reached Hotel Le Meridian in New Delhi. The venue was so grand that it needed no decoration. There I met Mr. Monish, who greeted me for my posts. Never in my life, I felt so special! The Hall was filled enthusiastic students who got selected like me from different parts of the country. The first event of the day- Panel Discussion on “Shakti-A potential Game Changer” kicked off and we heard the views of Mr. Sudhir Vasudeva (CMD ONGC), Ms. Panabaka Lakshmi (Minister of State, MoPNG), Mr. Narendra Kumar Verma (Director Exploration, ONGC), Yasmine Hilton (Chairman, Shell India), Ms Ulrike von Lonski (Director of WPC) and Jyoti Rana (ONGC). Seeing all of them on one stage itself was a great achievement. After listening to the views from the panellists, some students raised some interesting questions which were clearly answered by the panellists. Overall the session was an unforgettable experience for all the participants.
Panel Discussion ended and it is time for the much awaited Quiz!! Each of the participants was given a device, which was very much similar to a TV remote to cast our answers for the questions. In the preliminary round there would be 25 questions and the top 8 individuals (higher score with lower cumulative time) would get qualified for the main quiz. It’s time to showcase my one-month of hard work. But, out of the 25, only 10 questions were related to Energy and the rest from General aspects. Prelims started and I knew answers to almost 20 questions. “The results of prelims were out, and I got through the prelims to the final quiz !!”- I wanted to write this here, but not got selected. The other participants were better performers than me and I was supposed to be part of the Audience. The disappointment of all the unlucky participants like me got nullified with the quiz master introducing 4 celebrities who would be the team leaders of 4 final teams. The quiz master started introducing the celebrities and I was equally getting excited to see each of them; Shooters Shwetha and Shagun, Snooker champion Aditya, and the Under 19 cricket team captain Unmukt Chand. Each of them chose two from the 8 selected participants. So, there were 4 teams, each team consisting of 3. All the audience were feeling envious now, for not getting a chance to play with those celebrities. There were 4 rounds in the quiz, each of them completely different with questions getting innovative with the rounds. Team Shagun was outstanding and won the first prize, followed by team Unmukt in second place and team Shwetha in third. The event concluded with the team leaders giving away their team-mates the prizes. First prize-Laptops, Second Prize-iPhones, Third Prize-Tablets.
It was soon followed by a Lavish Lunch! During the lunch I was subjected to sharp comments from my friends who mocked at me for my preparations to quiz going in vain. I enjoyed those moments realising that, preparation for quizzes is not a one month affair, it should be a daily routine of continuous learning.
Soon after the lunch I went to get the print out of my travel ticket, submission of which would entitle me for the travel reimbursement. Got the print-out at the reception point in the hotel. They charged 70 Rs for one page. I was surprised, that for the same printer, same ink and same paper outside the hotel, the charge is 70 Paise and inside it is 70 Rupees. Someone rightly said, in 5 Star hotels we see the stars, when we look at the bill. While returning to the Reyuvanation venue, Ms. Swetha told me to share my views about the event in front of a camera recording. Mr. Anup Saraf on my side, with mic in hand, started-“Here we have Vikram Sai. He has literally torn our site apart with his posts in blogs and discussion forum. We are even thinking of giving him a special award for his participation. Let us now hear his views on the Reyuvanation”, and he handed over the mic to me. I was overwhelmingly feeling happy for that introduction. In a flash, I spoke about the event and thanked the organisers for providing many students that excellent opportunity (I am not good at impromptu speeches). Soon after that I realised, I might be given some prize and so started penning down what to speak when called upon the stage.
Afternoon session started with Ms. Meghna from Reyuvanation team taking the responsibility of introducing the online contests. Selected participants from the Music competition played their music works. The first one Oorja by Vipin Kumar & Prabal Pratap Singh from ONGC blew away everyone’s drowsiness after that heavy meal and was a booster which re-energised the entire audience. The second one by Mr. Faisal Gul was equally thrilling and ended with audience chanting- Once more Once more! The third one was sung by the Guitarist, Mr. Prabal, and I am running out of words to describe it. The entries for the contest were judged by renowned Musician, Ms Vandana Kohli, who also awarded the first three prizes and one special mention award. Then, the top 3 entries and special mention awards in the video-making competition were distributed after after displaying the videos. Sadly, I didn’t win any award.
Following that there was a laughter show from Stand-up comic Group Evam, which left the audience laughing to their stomachs out. After that, the top 10 entries in the photography contest were displayed, followed by the distribution of prizes to the top 3 entries and Popular Entry (audience choice award) by the famous photographer form Hindustan Times, Mr Gurinder Osan.
There was a short-break after that session, during which I met a cool person who looked like a workaholic, Mr. Ragalbande from team Reyuvanation. Realising that both of us belong to Andhra Pradesh, our language of conversation moved from English to Telugu via Hindi. He also appreciated my posts! I came to know from him that they are a team of just 11. I wonder how just 11 people were organising such a huge event. A cricket team consists of batsmen, bowlers and all-rounders, but this Reyuvanation team must be comprising of all 11 specialist all-rounders, I thought.
After the short-break, there was a speech by Mr. Ramamurthy, Director and Head of South East Asia from Schlumberger on Future of Petroleum Industry. It was short, sweet and informative. He projected the oil industry in a completey different perspective and showcased it as an exciting field to work with. It was then followed by “A speech to remember” from Youth Icon, 8 time world Billiards Champion Mr. Pankaj Advani. It was indeed a speech to remember. Then Mr. Pankaj Advani handed the award of the best Logo Designer who designed the logo of Reyuvanation. Soon, the anchor announced, “we have a special award for the most active participation in the online Blogs and Discussion Forums and he also created a cross-word puzzle. I now would like to request you to give away the Best Blogger award to Mr. Vikram Sai from ISM Dhanbad”. Sense of pride filled in me as I walk amidst the clapping of the audience towards the stage. Previous day I read about Pankaj Advani and the very next day I was shaking hands with him! Never in dreams I thought, I would get the opportunity to receive an award from the great Pankaj Advani, that too in the presence of dignitaries like Mr. Sudhir Vasudeva, CMD of ONGC.
I was walking back from dias thinking that- had I got an opportunity, I would have said-“While I was participating in online Blogs, I never thought I would get a prize. I wrote my First ever Blog on ReYuvaNation website a month ago, and today I am feeling overwhelmingly happy receiving this award. National Youth Day is celebrated on 12th of January. So, here, on 11th January, we are celebrating it a day in advance, thanks to Petrotech and ONGC. On behalf of all the students present here I would like to thank the organising team of ReYuvaNation for their continuous efforts since early December starting from online competitions, selecting students through them, receiving us from Station to looking after all the necessary arrangements. Thanks again, Team ReYuvaNation”.
My friends were more interested than me to explore what the prize was. It was a Samsung Galaxy Tab 3 sponsored by Schlumberger!! And I earned my first smart phone!In the short break before the start of Cultural Evening, I met a dynamic, elegant and a tough to forget personality, Mr. Jitendra Tikku. The very first glance at him made me think-“He must be the captain of the 11 membered Reyuvanation Team”. He congratulated me for my award and my posts! He credited me as the heaviest Blogger and said, “pata nhi padhta tha ki nhi (don’t know whether he used to study or not)”, for which I replied, “I participated in the winter vacations sir”.
Cultural Evening started with renowned singer and musician, Ms Sunita Bhuyan, performing on her violin. In the end, she played Assamese music, for which she wanted the audience to stand up and dance. The audience were feeling shy! Finally, the young lady Ms. Jyoti Rana (first woman to work offshore) took the initiative and gathered a couple of more girls with her. The trio started dancing in the front, and then young Engineers of ONGC joined them. Soon, some students joined, some more students led by me joined them and a virtual dancing arena was created. Meanwhile some of the organisers joined us and danced too! As soon as her performance got completed, audience rushed towards the dinner may be because they got hungry after dancing.
After having our dinner and when we were about leave the venue, the anchor announced-“All those who danced earlier, collect your goodies”. In no less than 10 seconds, the podium around the anchor was flooded by students not ready to let the chance of losing their goodies.
Many students were engaged in taking their own photographs in all possible styles. Most of them would have changed their Profile pics and Cover pics on Facebook that Night!!
Gas hydrates are cage-like crystalline compounds in which a large amount of methane is trapped within a crystal structure of water, forming solids at low temperature and high pressure. They resemble wet snow and belong to a form of complexes known as clatharates.
With growing energy demands and depleting conventional sources of energy like petroleum, coal & natural gas, gas hydrates can be a potential source of energy. It is estimated that the worldwide amounts of methane bound in gas hydrates are twice the total amount of carbon to be found in all fossil fuels on earth ranging from 105 to 3X108 trillion cu ft. One volume of gas hydrate can contain as much 164 volumes of methane gas and this storage capacity may represent source of natural gas, thus proving gas hydrates as potential cleaner fuel resource.
But unfortunately, sparse distribution and geo-hazards have made the economic projects of gas hydrate production less viable. Major exploitation techniques which have been considered for commercial use till now were depressurisation, thermal stimulation and chemical injection. But these methods are not viable as they are less efficient, highly expensive and can bring hazardous change in under water sediments and have high energy consumption. However, the recent advancement in gas hydrate studies has revealed various new exploitation techniques such as CO2 swapping technique and use of anaerobic bacteria.
In CO2 swapping techniques, methane gas trapped in hydrate phase is substituted by CO2 molecules thus dissociating methane for energy production. In anaerobic bacteria method, an anaerobic archae bacteria namely methanogenic archae bacteria is used to convert CO2 and water to methane. The above process is exothermic in nature and can increase the temperature of water above its boiling point and causes gas hydrates to liberate methane. Advantages of the above method is excess production of methane along with the one that is trapped within the water molecules, and further, methanogenic bacteria can be easily artificially cultured and survive at desired temperature.
The above suggested methodology is an optimised and economical way to recover gas hydrates. It will help to change the focus of extracting resources from conventional to unconventional resources and will also lead to sustainable development and reduce the hazard of global warming to large extent.
are generally hazardous in nature by virtue of intrinsic chemical properties of
hydrocarbons or their temperature or pressure of operation or a combination of
these. Fire, explosion, hazardous release or a combination of these are the
hazards associated with hydrocarbon operations. These have resulted in the
development of more comprehensive, systematic and sophisticated methods of
Safety Engineering, such as, Hazard Analysis and Risk Assessment to improve
upon the integrity, reliability and safety of hydrocarbon operations.
Safety of the
personnel is the first priority in any industry site of an oil company. Even
though all the safety measures are followed, sometimes accidents take place because
of uncontrolled kicks or blowout or fire accidents. This makes oil industry vulnerable
to unexpected catastrophes. While on the onland rigs and processing facilities,
there is a greater chance of escaping from fatal accidents, in offshore it
becomes difficult to escape as the rig is surrounded by water on all sides.
That is the reason why most of the fatal accidents took place offshore.
Here is a
timeline of some major oil industry accidents in the past 30 years:
March 1980 - The Alexander Keilland
rig, a Pentagon-type semi-submersible rig in the North Sea's Ekofisk field,
breaks up after a fatigue fracture. As a result of storm winds and waves, 123
of the 212 crew were killed.
February 1982 - The Ocean Ranger semi-submersible
drilling rig sinks about 166 miles off the coast of Newfoundland, Canada, while
operating the Hibernia oil field. The accident, which occurred during a huge
storm, killed 84 crew members.
October 1983 - The U.S. drill ship
Glomar Java Sea sinks in the South China Sea around 63 miles southwest of
Hainan Island, where it was contracted to ARCO China. It capsized and sank within
minutes, killing all 81 people aboard.
August 1984 - A blowout on the Enchova
platform operated by Brazilian state oil company Petrobras in the Campos Basin
caused an explosion and a fire that led to the death of 42 workers as they were
being evacuated. Seventeen others were injured in the explosion and fire.
July 1988 - In world's worst oil rig
disaster, 167 people are killed when Occidental Petroleum's Piper Alpha oil rig
in the North Sea explodes after a gas leak.
September 1988 - Four workers are
killed when an oil rig owned by Total Petroleum of France explodes and sinks off the
southeastern coast of Borneo.
November 3, 1989 - The 4,400-tonne Unocal-owned
drillship capsizes and sinks during Typhoon Gay in the South China Sea, south of Bangkok. At least 91 of
the 97 crew on board died.
January 1995 - Thirteen people are
killed and many injured in an explosion on a Mobil oil rig off the coast of
January 1996 - Three people are killed
in an explosion on a rig in the Morgan oil field in the Gulf of Suez.
March 2001 - The P-36 offshore
production platform operated by Brazilian state oil company Petrobras was
rocked by explosions that killed 11 people. It sank off the coast of Rio de
Janeiro five days later, spilling some of the 10,000 barrels of fuel and crude
it was storing into the Atlantic.
July 2005 - A fire destroyed the Mumbai
High North processing platform off India's west coast, killing 22 people and
affecting 123,000 bpd of crude production, or 15 percent of the country's
domestic output. The platform was owned by ONGC.
October 2007 - During stormy weather,
the Usumacinta rig collided with the Kab-101 platform off the coast of Mexico, causing fuel leaks and
killing 22 workers who tried to flee in life rafts in one of state oil firm
Pemex's worst accidents.
April 20, 2010 - Explosion and fire on
the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig kills 11 workers. The rig, owned by
Transocean Ltd and licensed to BP, was drilling 42 miles southeast of Venice,
Louisiana, in 5,000 feet of water. The well had reached 13,000 feet under the
seabed. On April 22, the rig, valued at more than $560 million, sinks and a
5-mile oil slick forms.
May 13, 2010 - All 95 workers are
rescued after the Aban Pearl platform, operated by Venezuela's state-owned
PDVSA, sinks in the Caribbean Sea, apparently after water flooded one of the
giant submarine rafts supporting the football field-sized structure.
December 18, 2011 - The 'Kolskaya'
jack-up rig, operated by Russian offshore exploration company
Arktikmorneftegazrazvedka (AMNGR), capsizes while being towed in a storm, some
200 kilometers (125 miles) off the coast of Sakhalin island. The rig had 67
crew aboard of whom 14 have been rescued.
Oil & Natural Gas Corporation Ltd.
9th Floor, Room No.- 2, Jeevan Bharati, Tower - II,
124, Indira Chowk, New Delhi - 110001 (INDIA)
TEL: +91-11-23312607/ 23301169/ 23301170